Number formats. However, it happened to me that I needed to convert GPS coordinates of a large data set to radians. Length and Distance Converter. Simply enter the Degree, Minute, and Seconds values for both latitude and longitude. You can input a recurring decimal on a Casio Classwiz, despite there not being a dedicated button to do so. 12 there is a button that has a dot, and 3 commas (it's located next to the negative button) that will convert that number to degrees. Finally, add these three numbers together, and determine if the answer is positive or negative. The ConversionNothing needs to be done with the 25º. This calculator just saves time allowing one to proceed with a task faster. Convert – Degree Minute Seconds to Degree Decimal Minutes to Decimal Degree format. DD = (Seconds/3600) + (Minutes/60) + Degrees In the instructions given below you will convert one field in a table of latitude or longitude values in Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds to Decimal Degrees. my question is - can you convert it to. However the TI-89 can be useful in checking your work and allowing you to make up and check practice problems on your own. I need to convert meters to decimal degrees in C#. Decimal Calculator This decimal calculator can help you transform a fraction to decimal, convert a decimal to a fraction and calculate any long division operation. This tool permits the user to convert latitude and longitude between decimal degrees and degrees, minutes, and seconds. The easiest way to convert a fraction to a decimal is just to use your calculator. Sometimes, slope is referred to as pitch, angle, rise, incline, or grade. The unit converter tool will automatically calculate and update you the decimal. Calculator will display the result in total number of hours, minutes and seconds in decimal. Conversion Calculator. 14159265358979323846. This involves dividing the number by 2 recursively until you're left with 0, while taking note of each remainder. 1 degree = 3600 seconds If an angle is given in the form: Degrees (°), minutes ('), seconds (") then the conversion to decimal degrees is given by. This is useful for figuring out ratios. Our free online conversion calculators can convert almost anything into - well - anything! If you want to convert centimeters to feet or feet to centimeters or convert binary to decimal or decimal to binary or hex to decimal or decimal to hex then we have a conversion calculator to do just that. Hence 1 degree also comprises 3,600 (60 x 60) seconds. Let's use some previous calculations as examples: 396 foot rise 15,840 foot run 15,844. If you need to convert degrees to other units, please try our universal Angle Unit Converter. The field is populated in decimal degrees. Just separate the degrees from minutes and seconds with a space like this: 30 0 19, which will mean 30° 0' 19". Printed at 100% scale, the below diagram would fit a circle with Radius. The Scientific Notation to Decimal Converter is used to convert a number from scientific notation into ordinary decimal notation. Let’s go back to our lunch order to see how we can convert decimal numbers to fractions. And vice versa. Sample question: A candidate for a job takes a written test where the average score is 1026 and the standard deviation is 209. Conversion Degree to Arcsecond. This tool permits the user to convert latitude and longitude between decimal degrees and degrees, minutes, and seconds. This free online Degree to Radian Calculator makes it easy to convert degrees to radians with just the press of a button. You can enter coordinates in practically any format. Convert each of the following angles given in radians, to degrees. Use DMS to convert decimals to degrees, minutes, seconds, and INV + DMS to convert degrees, minutes, seconds to decimal. Degrees Minutes Seconds to. Angle Conversions on the TI-89 You should be able to convert between radians and degrees quickly and efficiently without a calculator. Convert inch fractions to mm's rounded to 1 decimal place using the chart below. Input positive numbers only (e. How to easily convert Decimal Degrees to Degrees Minutes Seconds [in Excel]. It uses a simple formula in performing the conversions. Any calculator can be used to find this. But as you might see it from below screenshot, I am only getting a single unit, i. (Set the ValuesAsDecimalDegrees parameter to True for decimal degrees, False for Time degrees. Degrees,minutes, seconds to degrees converter How to convert decimal degrees to degrees,minutes,seconds. An angle can be given like 32° 27′ 40″, or in decimal degrees like 32. About this code, I called it Roman Numerals To Decimal Number Converter in Java written entirely in Java using Java Standard Environment as my development tool. Geodesic coordinate calculator online. Simply enter the DMS values for your position below. 728056 Add fractional. Hexadecimal to decimal converter helps you to calculate decimal value from a hex number up to 16 characters length, and hex to dec conversion table. The following is the simple equation to convert Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds into Decimal Degrees. 25 (a decimal number) = 25% (a percentage) Convert Percents to Decimals Decimals, Fractions and Percentages Percentage Calculator Introduction to Decimals Introduction to Percentages Decimals Index Percents Index. Write down the decimal number. The civilian population still uses the English system of measurement. MMSSss, where D is the integer pat of the degree measure, ddd… is the fractional part of the degree measure, MM. Use this calculator to quickly convert a temperature from Celsius (°C) to degrees Fahrenheit (°F). Strictly speaking it will also accept decimal degrees. Convert the following angles from radians to degrees. So, to convert from DMS to decimal, we simply start with the degrees; then add the minutes value divided by 60, and the seconds value divided by 3600 (60 * 60). A user account is not needed for the features on this web page. And my teacher didnt explain how to convert your decimal figure into degrees and min for example: Cos B=adjacent/hypotenuse. Note that for finding the fraction, I use Double delta. Math Expression Renderer, Plots, Unit Converter, Equation Solver, Complex Numbers, Calculation History. The fractional part is total number of seconds divided by 3600. 9923564 Note: Degrees Minutes Seconds is often followed by the hemisphere labels of N, S, E, or W. Supose you have 142. I input the formula to compute the data but did not attain the correct answers as I would achieve if I was using a calculator. All angle units are parts of a complete turn, for example a degree is 1/360th of a complete turn. Divide the number by 2. 692820323 to 9sf. Enter the coordinates in any format, then click convert to view the results. Converting a percent to decimal is so easy that you don’t need a calculator to do it, although the one here certainly will. It’s a trivial task, if you know how to do it. Convert and plot GPS coordinates, using UTM or combinations of degrees, minutes and seconds and see the position in Google Maps. Possible in a new field? Any suggestions would be helpful. Converting radians to degrees. From decimal to radical, convert at fraction to a decimal and then to a percentage. To convert latitude and longitude to decimal notation, you must find the degrees, divide the minutes by 60 and divide the seconds by 3,600. Formula of converting decimal degrees to degrees, minutes and seconds 1 = 60' = 3600", where one degree is equivalent to 60 minutes which makes up 3,600 seconds. DD = (Seconds/3600) + (Minutes/60) + Degrees In the instructions given below you will convert one field in a table of latitude or longitude values in Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds to Decimal Degrees. 75 decimal degrees since 45 minutes is 3/4 of a degree (or hour). Degrees,minutes,seconds to decimal degrees conversion. Hour Angles Conversion Charts. Decimal Calculator This decimal calculator can help you transform a fraction to decimal, convert a decimal to a fraction and calculate any long division operation. And my teacher didnt explain how to convert your decimal figure into degrees and min for example: Cos B=adjacent/hypotenuse. For this example, the angle is 44° 15' 36". Sample question: A candidate for a job takes a written test where the average score is 1026 and the standard deviation is 209. thus: Cos B= 350/475. Conversion of Degree Minute Second (DMS) to Decimal Degrees (DD) is very simple by using scientific calculator application in your computer. You can use this link to simply get to this site quickly OR if you highlight GPS coordinates on any web page and use this link from your bookmarks or link bar, it'll enter in those coordinates for you. As this Fraction to Decimal calculator allows users to calculate both Simple Fraction and Mixed Fraction values in single calculator. The units that are most commonly used to describe an angle are degrees and radians. 25° Multiply the decimal part by 60 ′ to convert 0. Re: convert degree decimal minutes to decimal degrees in excel Hi, I am having trouble understanding the solution that was just posted. Converting Degrees, Minutes and Seconds to Decimal The following function can be used to generate a decimal figure for degrees, minutes and seconds. Converting a percent to decimal is so easy that you don’t need a calculator to do it, although the one here certainly will. It is suitable for physics and other engineering-related fields as it can simplify from decimal to fraction. To convert degrees in decimal form to degrees with minutes and seconds, follow a few simple steps. equation calculator division, long algebra linear division solver, definition, fractions inequality division. 135° longitude, start with 121°). Finds complete and accurate continued fractions for expressions of the form (R+sqrt(S)/N for integer R,S,N. Instructions for how to use the Bulk Converter can be found here. i) π 6 \frac{\pi }{6} 6 π Solution. 4208 degrees back to 10 degrees 25 minutes 15 seconds. 43) Calculated out this gives an angle of 23. Here, you can easily perform the operation on radians to degrees conversion by using our simple formula calculator. Schmitt) converts celestial coordinates of right ascension and declination into horizon coordinates of altitude and azimuth. Circle = 360 degrees, written as 360˚ Degree = 60 minutes, written as 60’. If you don't have a calculator to hand, you can easily convert a decimal number to binary using the remainder method. 55556 percent. Repeat for decimal degrees. 11 / 100 is called as vulgar or simple fractions. the solution is 24 degrees, 7 minutes, and 12. 03[/latex] means $5$ dollars and $3$ cents. How to Convert Degrees as a Decimal to Degrees, Minutes, & Seconds. How to Calculate Elevation Grade. You can also override the angle setting in the Mode menu of the calculator when you use these functions. NOTE: UTM and NATO easting and northing values are rounded to the nearest meter. How many degrees are contained in one rotation? To link to this angle (plane angles) - rotation to degrees units converter, only cut and paste the following code into your html. 4 ° F) in the rectum, it can be considered fever. Length and Distance Converter. Type in your own numbers in the form to convert the units! ›› Quick conversion chart of degrees to percent. 00″, and get a map with a pop-up containing the converted coordinates: You can then copy and paste the pop-up text into another application. 14159265358979, where rads is the angle in Radians. You will find a variety of formulas to change time to hours, minutes or seconds as well as convert text to time and vice versa. Then divide the opposite side by the hypoteneuse. Koech from Egerton University. "Chris r" wrote: > im tryin to make a function in a cell and i want to know do i convert decimal > degrees to degrees minutes seconds > > thanks >. how to convert decimal latitudes and longitudes to degrees, minutes and seconds "Lou, Maybe you remember that latitude and longitude are usually given in degrees, minutes and seconds. Get the Altitude of a point and the distance between two points. To convert decimal degrees to DMS. I use the INT function for this because it rounds the number down to the closest integer. You can also override the angle setting in the Mode menu of the calculator when you use these functions. We often need to rewrite decimals as fractions or mixed numbers. (I cross checked the values with calculator) And I don't know how to convert to radians, and none of the forum results made sense to me. Recognize that to convert from DMS to decimal degrees the conversion factor will be a divisor again because many of the smaller unit are to be shared equally by groups of the bigger unit. For example, pi over 3 radians would be equal to 60 degrees. Degrees-minutes-seconds to decimal degrees conversion and vice versa. If you have not read the forum rules, please take time do so - members are required to start new threads for their questions. Just separate the degrees from minutes and seconds with a space like this: 30 0 19, which will mean 30° 0' 19". Select North or South, East or West, and enter a numeric angle. Re: Convert Decimal Degrees to (DMS) Degrees Minutes Seconds Cliff, Welcome to Ozgrid. Fractions to Percentages eg 3/40 as a percentage 3. Enter angle in degrees,minutes,seconds and press the Convert button:. We represent the angle between two lines through radians and degrees. However longitude is a different story, as the lines narrow to zero near the poles, and are at their widest at the equator. Given a DMS (Degrees, Minutes, Seconds) coordinate such as W87°43′41″, it's trivial to convert it to a number of decimal degrees using the following method: Calculate the total number of seconds, 43′41″ = (43*60 + 41) = 2621 seconds. To calculate the minutes, you need the decimal part of the original number times 60. 1 nanometre (nm). Decimal Feet to Feet and Inches Calculator Convert a value in decimal feet to feet, inch and fraction format. For instance, you can use:. Then, using the above procedures, calculate what that angle measurement would be if it were expressed as a decimal number. Math doesn’t get any simpler than that. 20 percent to degree = 72 degree. This is useful for figuring out ratios. This page is designed to help you calculate answers to some common geographic questions and draw maps from simple coordinates. Calculated Industries Ultra Measure Master 8020 - Most Complete, Easy-to-Use Metric Conversion Calculator Home Old Models > Calculated Industries Ultra Measure Master 8020 - Most Complete, Easy-to-Use Metric Conversion Calculator: This product has been replaced by CI-8025. 27778 percent. In order to change degrees to inches one must multiply the width of the rotating surface by the angle in radians. 12 to degrees, minutes, and. Decimal Degrees And Radians Converter Calculator. Degrees-Minutes-Seconds To Decimal Degrees Input Coordinates. 5 # calculate fahrenheit fahrenheit = (celsius * 1. The line between the numerator and denominator acts as a division line, so ${7}/{29}$ equals 7 divided by 29 or. 14159265358979/180, where degs is the angle in degrees. 456 degrees into degrees, minutes and seconds 12. Convert Toe Degrees to Toe Inches. Conversion Gon to Degree. (I cross checked the values with calculator) And I don't know how to convert to radians, and none of the forum results made sense to me. To convert degrees to radians, follow these steps: Put the calculator in Radian mode. Possible in a new field? Any suggestions would be helpful. Multiply by 100 (move decimal two places right) to get slope as a percentage. easier to calculate. Equation: How to write and equation that includes SIN of 10 degrees 25 minutes 15 seconds to Decimal Degrees (10. 3 radians that's around a third of a radian. How do you convert (without a calculator): 1. Multiply the decimal by. I am finding it hard to do the conversion from UTM to decimal degrees to latitude and longitude. Before you figure out elevation grade, elevations must be taken from the starting and ending points for comparison, as well as the starting and ending distances. Degrees - Minutes - Seconds angle calculator. To convert decimal degrees to DMS (degrees, minutes, and seconds), follow these steps: Put the calculator in Degree mode. Repeat for decimal degrees. Table of Conversion 1 degree = 60 minutes 1 minute = 60 seconds 1 degree = 3600 seconds Example: Convert 12. Coordinate Converter to Decimal. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. You just need to convert mathematical formula of temperature in C language. In this article I will show you how to convert from one format to the other and vice-versa. I can't see what the problem is using a semi-colon as a separator, but it must be something to do with your regional settings. This gives you 27. Each of these parts is known as 1 minute (1'). To convert radians to degrees, the key is knowing that 180 degrees is equal to pi radians. 1416/180 Hope this will help. In order to change degrees to inches one must multiply the width of the rotating surface by the angle in radians. A degree (in full, a degree of arc), usually denoted by o (the degree symbol), is a measurement of plane angle, representing 1/360 of a full rotation. It is for decimal degrees and radians conversions, bi-directionally. Input decimal degrees and click Convert to convert decimal to degrees minutes seconds. 8) + 32 print('%0. Then multiply the measurement in radians by 180 divided by pi. The total angle of a circle equals 360 or we can call it as 2 radians. Decimal Degrees And Radians Converter Calculator. Hy, i have a decimal number like 35,23456834 the rapresent a latitude or longitude (in degree but with decimal form for the decimal ) My need is to transform that number in xx° - xx' - xx'' in a variabli of string. Use this page to learn how to convert between percent and degrees. 12 there is a button that has a dot, and 3 commas (it's located next to the negative button) that will convert that number to degrees. For example, in decimal format an angle measured in degrees is expressed as D. Each degree is divided into 60 minutes, and each minute further divided into 60 seconds. I searched for a calculator to convert degrees into points, angle to points of compass converter for cross country map navigation, and found all I needed here. But it is on equator, so if I'm located above/below it my the conversion will be wrong. to a specified number of decimal places or significant figures) interpret standard form A × 10n, where 1 ≤ A < 10 and n is an integer Calculating Key concepts. The functions available in the TI-84 Plus calculator's Angle menu enable you to convert between decimal degrees and DMS (degrees, minutes, and seconds). It's easy to convert from a decimal to the sexagesimal system if, for example, you need to combine data from maps that are calculated in two different systems. " Multiply by 100 to get the percent slope. How to convert Decimals into Degree, minutes & Seconds using scientific calculator and converting degree minutes and seconds back to decimal values. To convert from degrees to radians, use degs*3. Decimal to fraction: It is a free decimal to fraction calculator. Set your calculator to calculate in degrees. Convert from a Fraction to a Decimal Fractions and decimals represent the same things: numbers that are not whole numbers. So here is the equation that you should use. 77778 percent. Before you figure out elevation grade, elevations must be taken from the starting and ending points for comparison, as well as the starting and ending distances. I need to convert them to degrees minutes seconds. Typically, minutes (′) are used to express an angle that is smaller than one degree. The conversion must be handled differently if the degrees value is negative. Before step into the conversion using calculator, let's check how it can be done manually. Calculator to change decimals to fractions showing the work with steps. Click on Projection Utility Wizard, and then click OK. CONVERT DEGREES MINUTES SECONDS VALUES TO DECIMAL DEGREE VALUES 05/04/2010 9:29:30 AM Page 1 These instructions describe how to use the Field Calculator in ArcMap to do the conversion from DMS to DD: If you have geographic coordinates in degrees, minutes and seconds and want to add locations to a map using ArcGIS you first need to convert these. This calculator converts Degrees to Radians and Radians to Degrees. 95 foot slope length 2. Respond to Angle units conversion. CONVERT DEGREES MINUTES SECONDS VALUES TO DECIMAL DEGREE VALUES 05/04/2010 9:29:30 AM Page 1 These instructions describe how to use the Field Calculator in ArcMap to do the conversion from DMS to DD: If you have geographic coordinates in degrees, minutes and seconds and want to add locations to a map using ArcGIS you first need to convert these. 5 percent to degree = 18 degree. Thank you. The Hexadecimal Calculator converts between Decimals and Hexadecimals. At the other end of the scale, 100 degrees Celsius is the boiling point of water. Then multiply the amount of Minute you want to convert to Degree, use the chart below to guide you. Free Fraction to Decimal calculator - Convert fractions to decimals step-by-step. It converts in the opposite sense directly, i. Pocket Ref A concise reference guide for virtually any subject. OR convert 10. 1 degree = 3600 seconds If an angle is given in the form: Degrees (°), minutes ('), seconds (") then the conversion to decimal degrees is given by. Convert between fractions, decimals, and percents, and much more. my question is - can you convert it to. The calculator will generate a step by step explanations. In the degrees, minutes, seconds (or DMS) format, an angle might be 30 degrees, 15 minutes, 10 seconds. The online-tool helps to convert GPS coordinates to an address. Enter latitude/longitude or position. You will find a variety of formulas to change time to hours, minutes or seconds as well as convert text to time and vice versa. To convert time expressed in decimals back to minutes you will simply take the decimal portion of the number, i. The web browser has a "bug" that will return a number in Scientific Notation (e Notation) when it is very large or very small and very long. equation calculator division, long algebra linear division solver, definition, fractions inequality division. How to Convert Degrees as a Decimal to Degrees, Minutes, & Seconds. But it is on equator, so if I'm located above/below it my the conversion will be wrong. Then, using the above procedures, calculate what that angle measurement would be if it were expressed as a decimal number. Currency Converter. This form is used in astronomy and defining latitude and longitude. How to convert degrees, min, secs to decimal degrees with Python. Length Converter and Distance Converter Definitions. Dickbash, Hello, access your calculator and then Click the View menu, and then click Scientific. Geodesic coordinate calculator online. 8) + 32 print('%0. The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the SI unit of frequency. 4 radians, c) 1 radian. To convert degrees to radians, follow these steps: Put the calculator in Radian mode. Math Expression Renderer, Plots, Unit Converter, Equation Solver, Complex Numbers, Calculation History. To convert decimal to fraction, enter the decimal values and click on convert. Once done, you will get 33. Each degree is divided into 60 minutes, and each minute further divided into 60 seconds. Printed at 100% scale, the below diagram would fit a circle with Radius. Therefore, when we need to convert from DMS to Decimal Degree or vice versa, all we have to do is basically divide or multiply by 60! In this lesson we will walk through how to convert an angle from Degrees-Minutes-Seconds to Decimal Degree, as well as converting from Decimal Degree to Degrees Minutes Seconds. However, it's easy to convert from a decimal to the sexagesimal system. Calculator will display the result in total number of hours, minutes and seconds in decimal. Solve advanced problems in Physics, Mathematics and Engineering. Convert Lat and Long to DMS. Students read how to use the DEGREES() function to convert radians to degrees. And vice versa. For example, i f the given decimal number is 2. Our free online conversion calculators can convert almost anything into - well - anything! If you want to convert centimeters to feet or feet to centimeters or convert binary to decimal or decimal to binary or hex to decimal or decimal to hex then we have a conversion calculator to do just that. 10 percent to degree = 36 degree. In order to establish a point, you MUST have latitude and longitude coordinates in one form or the other. km = deg2km(deg,radius) converts distances from degrees to kilometers, as measured along a great circle on a sphere having the specified radius. Convert to Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds To convert decimal degree to degree , minutes , and seconds , the whole units of degrees will remain the same. The functions housed in the Angle menu on your TI-84 Plus calculator enable you to convert between degrees and radians or convert between rectangular and polar coordinates. The formula looks like this: =INT(B2) 2. Decimal Colors in title. Angle conversion is a free online calculator for converting units of angle. I'm willing to do it in python or VBScript or whatever it takes. Scientific calculator, how to convert a decimal number into binary number. Decimal degrees: -75. Hence 1 degree also comprises 3,600 (60 x 60) seconds. Large 12 x 12in top plate surface accommodates up to 40lbs (18. OR convert 10. 11 is a decimal number. 10 degrees to percent = 2. Select a conversion calculator below now!. Next we'll enter inv tan. It's easy to convert from a decimal to the sexagesimal system if, for example, you need to combine data from maps that are calculated in two different systems. An online calculator to convert angles from degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal using the table of conversion below. If the measurement is 2 radians, remember that it does not include pi, and multiply 2 by 180 divided by pi to get 114. \ sometimes, it takes 45 seconds to calc the whole sheet, other times, it takes 5 minutes. Converting Radians to Degrees Video. This is the snippet Convert Decimal Degrees to Degrees in Minutes Seconds Format on FreeVBCode. Let’s go back to our lunch order to see how we can convert decimal numbers to fractions. A majority of these sites convert between D/M/S and decimal degrees, leaving out the less popular but still available decimal minutes. However, it happened to me that I needed to convert GPS coordinates of a large data set to radians. If the measurement is 2 radians, remember that it does not include pi, and multiply 2 by 180 divided by pi to get 114. Degrees Minutes Seconds to. Simply enter the Degree, Minute, and Seconds values for both latitude and longitude. It is for decimal degrees and radians conversions, bi-directionally. I input the formula to compute the data but did not attain the correct answers as I would achieve if I was using a calculator. The functions housed in the Angle menu on your TI-84 Plus calculator enable you to convert between degrees and radians or convert between rectangular and polar coordinates. How to Convert Degrees Minutes Seconds to Decimal. Our free online conversion calculators can convert almost anything into – well – anything! If you want to convert centimeters to feet or feet to centimeters or convert binary to decimal or decimal to binary or hex to decimal or decimal to hex then we have a conversion calculator to do just that. 50 in decimal degrees as a possible entry value. For this example, the angle is 44° 15' 36". Model : CASIO fx-991MS, CASIO fx-570MS Natural number or decimal numbers that we use for our calculation have base 10. To convert decimal to octal number in python, you have to ask from user to enter number in decimal number system to convert that number into octal number system as shown in the program given below. Convert decimals to fractions or mixed number fractions. Convert Toe Inches to Toe Degrees. No ads, nonsense or garbage. An angle in the DMS format has a degree broken down into 60 minutes and each minute broken down into 60 seconds. To go the other way, start with slope as a decimal (if percent, move decimal two places left) and take the. Learn how to convert from decimal degrees to sexagesimal degrees and vice-versa 1 - How to convert from decimal degrees to sexagesimal degrees. In this tutorial, we learn how to convert Fahrenheit to Celsius. easier to calculate. Instructions provided describe how to use the Field Calculator to convert Decimal Degrees stored in a Numeric field to Degrees Minutes Seconds stored in a Text field. Possible in a new field? Any suggestions would be helpful. how can i convert decimal result into hour,minutes,seconds? i have degrees result --> i already convert to decimal --> now i need to convert the decimal into hours. This page will show you how to convert from a fraction, into a decimal. Our decimal to hours calculator default decimal value is 42. Example 34° 24' 16''. PI/(180*60)) / (Math. Calculator application in Windows 10 (Windows 8 and 7 can also be used for this exercise) can be used to convert DMS to DD and DD to DMS. (Set the ValuesAsDecimalDegrees parameter to True for decimal degrees, False for Time degrees. Solve advanced problems in Physics, Mathematics and Engineering. Converting Degrees, Minutes and Seconds to Decimal The following function can be used to generate a decimal figure for degrees, minutes and seconds. For North latitude and East longitude it is a plus, for South latitude and West longitude it is a minus.